Dating columbian girls
However, the main two groups, the Tzotzils and Tzeltals of the central highlands were subdued enough to establish the first Spanish city, today called San Cristóbal de las Casas, in 1528.It was one of two settlements initially called Villa Real de Chiapa de los Españoles and the other called Chiapa de los Indios.In Chiapas, Mayan sites are concentrated along the state's borders with Tabasco and Guatemala, near Mayan sites in those entities. At its height, it had large cities, a writing system, and development of scientific knowledge, such as mathematics and astronomy.Cities were centered on large political and ceremonial structures elaborately decorated with murals and inscriptions.From then until 1500 CE, social organization of the region fragmented into much smaller units and social structure became much less complex.There was some influence from the rising powers of central Mexico but two main indigenous groups emerged during this time, the Zoques and the various Mayan descendents.The first military incursion was headed by Luis Marín, who arrived in 1523.
The first contact between Spaniards and the people of Chiapas came in 1522, when Hernán Cortés sent tax collectors to the area after Aztec Empire was subdued.Hunter gatherers began to occupy the central valley of the state around 7000 BCE, but little is known about them.The oldest archaeological remains in the seat are located at the Santa Elena Ranch in Ocozocoautla whose finds include tools and weapons made of stone and bone. Recent excavations in the Soconusco region of the state indicate that the oldest civilization to appear in what is now modern Chiapas is that of the Mokaya, which were cultivating corn and living in houses as early as 1500 BCE, making them one of the oldest in Mesoamerica.The first coat of arms of the region dates from 1535 as that of the Ciudad Real (San Cristóbal de las Casas).Chiapas painter Javier Vargas Ballinas designed the modern coat of arms.
There is speculation that these were the forefathers of the Olmec, migrating across the Grijalva Valley and onto the coastal plain of the Gulf of Mexico to the north, which was Olmec territory.